"The Belt and Road" data view of language service.
The autumn of 2013, China President Xi Jinping during his visit to the Central Asian and Southeast Asian countries, a grand initiative to build a "The Belt and Road" to the world. In four years, "The Belt and Road construction continue to promote the work of construction, the results exceeded expectations. In May this year, "The Belt and Road International Cooperation Forum held in Beijing," The Belt and Road "attracted the eyes of the world.
The state information center "The Belt and Road" big data center recently released the "The Belt and Road" big data report (2017) "(hereinafter referred to as the" report "), the use of big data technology comprehensive evaluation" The Belt and Road construction progress and achievements, this is also the Center released second copies of "The Belt and Road" data report. China along the road "series of reports" The Belt and Road "data view", the big picture depicting "The Belt and Road construction with big data, to explore the opportunities and challenges of the global market. Today launched the eighteenth phase, "The Belt and Road" language variety, what factors lead to small language talent shortage?
Language service institutions are growing fast and "seriously biased"
Strengthen the "The Belt and Road" language ability construction is an important foundation to promote the "The Belt and Road" implementation of the work. The "report" at home and abroad through the large Internet data analysis found that in the "The Belt and Road talent demand, language talents in domestic media attention and Internet users is ranked first, along the national media and netizen heat ranked fourth. The report also pointed out that China's language service industry has developed rapidly and begun to take shape. In 2015, the output value of the language services industry was about 282 billion 200 million yuan, an increase of 79% over 2011, with an average annual growth rate of nearly 19.7%. The number of enterprises increased to about 72495, an increase of 16520 compared with 2013, with an average annual growth of 15%.
However, its distribution is extremely uneven. 60.15% of the language services businesses are concentrated in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong. The analysis holds that the demand for translation in the eastern coastal areas is concentrated and vigorous, and the social science culture, IT information, commercial trade, medical and chemical industry, financial and financial, government affairs and other demanding industries are relatively concentrated.
The top 15 provinces of China's language service enterprises (districts and municipalities) (data source: "2016 China language service industry development report")
According to the report, there is still a "big family" situation in our foreign language education. Through the survey of 423 language service organizations in the country, the highest proportion of services provided in C-E translation services and English translations is 96.93% and 94.80% respectively. The second is Japanese and French. Only 2.60% of the enterprises provide "Chinese translation" and "foreign translation" services, accounting for less. The service ability of small languages is seriously deficient, which restricts Chinese enterprises to enter the local trade cooperation.
Lack of attention leads to "deformity" development
The language service industry within the industry, lack of strategic planning has no rules, industry less investment, and "The Belt and Road" is not suitable for the development of technology and so on, leading the pain point, seriously hindered the development of the industry. Speaking of the current "pain spot" in the language industry, Wang Lifei, director of the Institute of international language service and management at University of International Business and Economics, said.
On August 29, 2017, the seminar held Belt and Road Initiative "language service. Chahar association secretary general Wang Chong pointed out at the meeting, at present, in the background of "The Belt and Road" construction, the language service faces three major problems, one is the lack of small language talent; two language is combined with the professional shortage; three is the lack of market, lack of overall market.
Bao Chuanyun, the former dean of the senior translation school of Monterey Institute of International Studies and vice president of the Chinese Academy of translation studies, has different perspectives: "I feel that the biggest problem in China is the sectoral tendency of the use of talents and the lack of sharing of talent resources. The existing small language talents are distributed in different units. When other units are in need, even if the person is in a professional idle state, it is often impossible to effectively allocate it, which causes the further waste of not much talent.
Language service should be cultivated as an industry
"The Belt and Road" big data report (2017) "pointed out that the issue of national language ability construction has been urgent. Especially with the "The Belt and Road construction further, put forward the urgent needs of new national language ability, it is recommended to start the national" The Belt and Road "language ability construction, enhance the strength of language, language construction power, to promote the construction of The Belt and Road" lay a solid foundation.
The report gives suggestions for improvement from four aspects: overall planning, development direction, platform construction and cooperation and exchanges. First of all, to strengthen the "The Belt and Road" language ability construction to co-ordinate efforts. The formulation of the "The Belt and Road" language planning, clear language ability construction time, task and roadmap. The establishment of national The Belt and Road "and" multi language center The Belt and Road language database, create The Belt and Road "national language research think-tank. We should promote the popularization and application of Chinese in various countries along the line.
Secondly, focus on the cultivation of "The Belt and Road" complex language talent. Encourage the reasonable and orderly open, complementary The Belt and Road "language; non universal languages set up special talent training funds to develop non special admissions policy of common language talents; the establishment of" The Belt and Road "and" language talent pool Belt and Road Initiative "language of international talent training base; strengthen the Chinese people Only by training can we speed up the construction of Chinese teachers and Chinese teaching volunteers.
Again, make great efforts to improve the level of The Belt and Road "language service and utilization. The establishment of "The Belt and Road" language service network platform and The Belt and Road "language data sharing alliance, explore the language data value-added service mechanism.
Finally, to vigorously promote international cooperation and exchanges The Belt and Road language ". The establishment of national The Belt and Road language Museum, along with national and relevant agencies jointly launched the "The Belt and Road international language expo. The layout of Chinese institutions such as Confucius institutes should be strengthened. Give full play to stimulate the market and society, expand cultural exchange channel and multi-level language The Belt and Road ".
The data source: "The Belt and Road" big data report (2017) "(National Information Center The Belt and Road" big data center, the Commercial Press, September 2017), Guangming Daily, Chinese economic times.